11 December

The Battle of Orewin Bridge was fought between an English force (led by the Marcher Lords) and the Welsh army of  Llywelyn ap Gruffudd on this day in 1282 near Builth Wells in mid-Wales. It was a decisive defeat for the Welsh as their army was destroyed and their leader, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (Prince of Wales) was killed, and this effectively ended the independence of Wales.