Philip II, called Philip Augustus (21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223) was a King of France from the House of Capet who reigned from 1180 to 1223.

Philip’s predecessors had been known as kings of the Franks, but from 1190 onward, Philip became the first French monarch to style himself king of France. The son of King Louis VII and his third wife, Adèle of Champagne, he was originally nicknamed “God-given” because he was the first son of Louis VII, born late in his father’s life. Philip was given the nickname “Augustus” by the chronicler Rigord for having extended the Crown lands of France so remarkably.

Territorial_Conquests_of_Philip_II_of_France