15 September – On this day
The Battle of Pyongyang was the second major land battle of the First Sino-Japanese War. It took place on this day in 1894 in Pyongyang, Korea between the forces of Meiji Japan and Qing China.
Between 13,000 and 15,000 Chinese troops of the Beiyang Army had arrived in Pyongyang on 4 August 1894, and had made extensive repairs to its ancient city walls, feeling itself secure in its superior numbers and in the strength of the defences.
The Japanese Army First Army Corps converged on Pyongyang from several directions on 15 September 1894, and in the morning made a direct attack on the north and southeast corners of the walled city under very little cover. The Chinese defence was strong, but was eventually outmanoeuvred by an unexpected flanking attack by the Japanese from the rear, costing the Chinese very heavy losses compared to the Japanese.
The garrison raised the white flag for surrender. The fall of the city, however, was delayed due to a heavy rainfall. Taking advantage of the delay and the fall of darkness, the survivors of the Chinese garrison escaped the city for the coast and the border town of Wiju on the lower reaches of the Yalu River.