9 September – On this day

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy was born on this day in 1828 (Died – 20 November 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist regarded as one of the greatest of all time.

Tolstoy at 20 years
Tolstoy at 20 years

He is best known for War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877). He first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s with his semi-autobiographical trilogy, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856), and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based upon his experiences in the Crimean War. Tolstoy’s fiction includes dozens of short stories and several novellas such as The Death of Ivan Ilyich, Family Happiness, and Hadji Murad. He also wrote plays and numerous philosophical essays.

Tolstoy’s ideas on non-violent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal 20th-century figures as Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Tolstoy in his study 1908
Tolstoy in his study 1908