8 September – On this day

Richard was born on this day in 1157, probably at Beaumont Palace, in Oxford, England, son of King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

He was a younger brother of Count William IX of Poitiers, Henry the Young King and Duchess Matilda of Saxony. As the third legitimate son of King Henry II, he was not expected to ascend the throne. He was also an elder brother of Duke Geoffrey II of Brittany; Queen Eleanor of Castile; Queen Joan of Sicily; and Count John of Mortain, who succeeded him as king.