7 September – On this day
Elizabeth was born on this day at Greenwich Palace and was named after both her grandmothers, Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth Howard. She was the second child of Henry VIII of England born in wedlock to survive infancy.
Her mother was Henry’s second wife, Anne Boleyn. At birth, Elizabeth was the heiress presumptive to the throne of England. Her older half-sister, Mary, had lost her position as a legitimate heir when Henry annulled his marriage to Mary’s mother, Catherine of Aragon, to marry Anne, with the intent to sire a male heir and ensure the Tudor succession.
When Anne Boleyn was executed two and a half years after Elizabeth’s birth and Anne’s marriage to Henry VIII was annulled, Elizabeth was declared illegitimate.