2 September – On this day

The Battle of Actium, a naval battle fought off the western coast of Greece, sees Roman leader Octavian win a decisive victory against the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra.

After heavy fighting, Cleopatra broke from the engagement and set course for Egypt with 60 of her ships. Antony then broke through the enemy line and followed her. The disheartened fleet that remained surrendered to Octavian. One week later, Antony’s land forces surrendered, the defeated lovers commit suicide the following year.