31 August – On this day

Attacks against women in the East End during this era adds uncertainty to how many victims were killed by the same person. Eleven separate murders, stretching from 3 April 1888 to 13 February 1891, were included in a London Metropolitan Police Service investigation known

Warning! Image of the deceased below.

collectively as the “Whitechapel murders”. Five of the eleven Whitechapel murders, known as the “canonical five”, are widely believed to be the work of Jack the Ripper because they feature the same MO (modus operandi).

The canonical five Ripper victims are Mary Ann Nichols, Annie Chapman, Elizabeth Stride, Catherine Eddowes and Mary Jane Kelly. Nichols’ body was discovered at about 3:40 a.m. on Friday 31 August 1888 in Buck’s Row (now Durward Street), Whitechapel. The throat was severed by two cuts, and the lower part of the abdomen was partly ripped open by a deep, jagged wound. Several other incisions on the abdomen were caused by the same knife.

Mary_Ann_'Polly'_Nichols