26 August – On this day

In 1766 the Royal Society engaged James Cook to undertake an expedition to travel to the Pacific Ocean to observe and record the transit of Venus across the Sun. On this day Cook departed for his first voyage and circumnavigation of the globe (1768-1771).

Cook had been promoted to lieutenant and named commander of the expedition. His ship was an ex-collier, refitted for the long voyage, the bark HMS Endeavour.

Cooks first voyage
Cooks first voyage